Manuscript Instructions







The final version of your paper will have to fit into a maximum of eight printed pages. This is equivalent to 3600 words of text only (including references). For each figure that you include, a corresponding amount of text must be deducted.  For example, for a “small” figure (1/3 of a page) deduct 150 words. For an “average” figure deduct 225 words. For an elaborate full-page figure, deduct 450 words.




For the first version, please insert figure files within the text at the most appropriate place (preferred).  If this is difficult, figure files can be appended at the end of the text.


For the final version, the main text and each figure file should be uploaded separately. Springer prefers that files be submitted in TIFF or EPS format, with at least 300 dpi resolution. PDF, JPG, Excel, and PowerPoint files may also be acceptable for certain simple figures.


Remember when considering figures that they will be reduced to fit onto a book page, so pay particular attention to making labels highly legible and not too small. You may want to photocopy your figures to the expected final size as a test to determine legibility. The usable page size of the book will be about 11.4 x 19 cm (4.5 x 7.5 inches). Most figures (including their caption) will occupy half a page. Labels should be in a sans-serif font, preferably Helvetica. When reduced to their final size, the figure labels should be no smaller than 8 point. Please ensure that your figures are clearly labeled.


For further information on figure formatting, please visit http://tinyurl.com/yzwf49l.


Please avoid colour figures if possible. Only a few colour figures will be allowed.




First versions of manuscripts should be submitted in pdf format (preferred) or as Microsoft WORD. Final versions should be submitted as Microsoft Word.


All material for the first version, including figure and table captions, should be single-spaced throughout. Note, however, that the final version submitted to Springer should be double-spaced throughout.


Please arrange your text file in the following order:


Names and affiliations of all authors, with email address of corresponding author


Key words (5-10)

Body text



For first versions, Figure Captions, Table Captions and Tables should preferably be embedded in the text.  For final versions, Figure Captions, Table Captions and Tables should appear at the end of the main text, following the references.


Please do not use fancy formatting in the manuscript unless for a good reason. Use Times New Roman 12 point font, plain, bold, and italic only.


Please ensure that all mathematical variables are in italics.




The language of the text should be English. British English (and spelling) is preferred, but American English and spelling are acceptable. Whichever one you choose, please be consistent throughout your paper. Please avoid using the word “impact” as a verb.


References and Bibliography


The reference style should be that used by the journal “Hearing Research”. Examples of the layout of the bibliography are:


Journal article:


Weisz, N., Hartmann, T., Dohrmann, K., Schlee, W., Norena, A., 2006. High-frequency tinnitus without hearing loss does not mean absence of deafferentation. Hear. Res. 222, 108-114.




Moore, B. C. J., 2012. An Introduction to the Psychology of Hearing, 6th Ed., Emerald, Bingley, UK.


Book chapter:


Dau, T., Ewert, S. D., Oxenham, A. J., 2005. Effects of concurrent and sequential streaming in comodulation masking release. In: Pressnitzer, D., de Cheveigné, A., McAdams, S., Collet, L. (Eds.), Auditory Signal Processing: Physiology, Psychoacoustics and Models, Springer, New York, pp. 335-341.


Within the text, if there are one or two authors, cite all authors: Ives and Patterson (2008). If there are three or more authors, use et al. (without italics): Gockel et al. (2005).


Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal's name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see http://www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php.


Headings to sections of the MS:


1.             You should break up the MS with section headings.

2.             The major words in each heading should start with upper case letters (e.g., The Hounds of the Baskervilles.)

3.             The Introduction should be section 1.

4.             Number sections 1., 1.1, 1.2.1, 1.2.2, 1.3, 2., 2.1 etc.

5.             Note that 1., 2., etc. does not have a trailing 0.

6.             Do not use all capitals in headings.

7.             Do not use bold font or italics in heading.

8.             There should be no punctuation after headings.

9.             Headings should always be on a separate line.




If you intend to use any figure, table, or lengthy text passage that has been previously published, you will need to formally request permission to use the material from the original publisher. This also applies to material that is your own work. Please keep in mind that it can sometimes take a while for requests to be processed, and you should start this process as soon as possible. Grant letters for any necessary permissions should be submitted to the editors. If the figures have been redrawn so as to be significantly different from the original, then no permission is needed. If figures have been modified, please cite the original form in their captions, using a format such as “Modified from Smith, 1999.”


All reproduced figures should be cited in the text by either using the wording supplied by the original publisher, or by using a standard format such as “Reproduced from [Name Year] with permission from [Publisher].” The full citation should be included in your References.


It is suggested that you use email and/or online permission request systems wherever possible (e.g. RightsLink). Please make sure that you label each letter granting permission with the correct figure number and your name before submitting it to the editors.


Some publishers may ask for a fee (for example AAAS the publishers of Science always ask about $25). You will have to cover this yourself.


There is an International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers (STM) who have an agreement to reuse figures/material without charge. For further information see:



When making requests through RightsLink, please try to choose “STM Signatory” or “Publisher”, “Springer” as the Requestor Type in order to receive the benefits of this agreement. If you feel that you have been charged in error, please contact RightsLink and note the waiver agreement.